Bow & Arrow

I’ve been playing a lot of Minecraft on PvP servers, especially using the Archer kit which features the bow and arrow. I’m getting pretty good at aiming with it, but I can’t seem to hit anyone farther than 20 blocks away. I also played Hunger Games and pulled a Katniss on a guy sitting at the top of a tower, and the arrow actually turned around due to gravity, hit him in the head, causing him to fall off and die.

They were one of the earliest weapons and was used durng the Stone Age for both hunting and warfare. All bows work on the same basic principle: the power comes from drawing the tightly strung cord and bending the bow. When this energy is released, the arrow is shot a considerable distance.

The self bow is madeof a single lenght of tough, springy wood (such as yew). An example is the medieval longbow. The English longbow with its long arrow could sohot faster and pierce armor better than the complicated crossbows which shot metal bolts, or “quarrels”. The longbows usd by the English and Welsh at the battles of Crecy and Agincourt were as tall as a man and shot an arrow 1 meter (3 feet) long. The longbow’s range was about 270 meters (300 yards). In Asia the composite bow was preferred. This was made of strips of wood, horn, and sinew bound together, and could be fired easily from horseback because it was shorter than the longbow.

The crossbow was a more complicated weapon. It was wound up with a handle, and shot stubby metal arrows called bolts, or quarrels. An ancient kind of giant crossbow was the Roman catapult.

Craftsmen who made bows were called “bowyers”; those who made arrows “fletchers”. Bows and arrows were not much used in war after the 1600s, but are still made and used in the sport of archery.